A large mitral paravalvular leak in a 63-year-old patient was closed by percutaneous placement of 2 Amplatzer Septal Occluder (AGA Medical Corporation, Plymouth, MN) devices. The patient had a residual paravalvular leak and subsequently developed infective endocarditis that was successfully treated by removal of all hardware and implantation of a new valve. Transcatheter treatment of paravalvular leaks may be useful in select patients who are poor candidates for open surgery; however, one must be aware of the potential complications. This report underscores the risk of device infection that may be increased if there is turbulence related to residual paravalvular leaks.
Copyright © 2013 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.