The effects of social support and having a partner on sleep quality in dementia

Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2013 May;28(3):253-7. doi: 10.1177/1533317513481098.


Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effects of social support and having a partner on sleep quality in the elderly patients with dementia.

Methodology: This research was conducted on 1210 noninstitutionalized elderly Malaysian individuals with dementia. The effects of age, ethnicity, educational level, marital status, sex differences, social support, and having a partner on sleep quality were evaluated in the respondents. The multiple logistic regression analysis was used to predict the risk of sleep disturbances among the participants.

Results: Approximately, 41% of the participants experienced sleep disruption. Further findings showed that ethnicity (odds ratio [OR] = 0.62), social support (OR = 1.35), marital status (OR = 2.21), educational level (OR = 0.65), and having a partner (OR = 0.45) significantly affected sleep quality (P < .05). Sex differences and age were unrelated predictors of sleep disturbances (P > .05).

Conclusion: It was concluded that social isolation and being single increased sleep disruption among respondents, but having a partner and ethnic non-Malay decreased the rate of sleep problems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dementia / ethnology*
  • Dementia / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Malaysia / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / ethnology*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / psychology
  • Sleep*
  • Social Support*
  • Spouses / psychology
  • Spouses / statistics & numerical data*