Coagulase Negative Staphylococcal Septicemia in Newborns

Indian Pediatr. 1990 Feb;27(2):163-9.

Abstract

A retrospective analysis of 254 newborns having blood cultures positive for coagulase negative staphylococci (CONS), and admitted in the neonatal unit of a Rural Medical College Hospital over a period of five years, was done for various clinical and perinatal characteristics as well as antimicrobial sensitivity profile of isolates. Of them, 118 (46.5%) neonates had clinical evidence of sepsis with CONS as the only growth in blood culture, and were designated as having CONS septicemia. Majority of them were delivered in this hospital itself and by normal vaginal delivery. Preterms and LBW babies constituted 23.7 and 59.4% of total cases, respectively. Other high risk perinatal factors for infection were present in 66.1% cases. Approximately two third of these cases developed sepsis within first three days of life. Early onset sepsis was more frequently seen in neonates with history of assisted delivery or perinatal asphyxia. Overall mortality in these cases was 15.6%, being significantly higher in offspring of outside deliveries and normal vaginal deliveries, in preterm and LBW babies and slightly higher in presence of birth asphyxia. Only 15.3% CONS isolates were resistant to all routinely used antibiotics and sensitivity was maximum with gentamicin followed by ampicillin. A difference in sensitivity pattern of CONS causing EOS and LOS was also recorded.

MeSH terms

  • Ampicillin / therapeutic use
  • Coagulase / analysis
  • Gentamicins / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight / microbiology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature / microbiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sepsis / drug therapy
  • Sepsis / microbiology*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / drug therapy
  • Staphylococcal Infections / microbiology*
  • Staphylococcus / enzymology
  • Staphylococcus / pathogenicity*

Substances

  • Coagulase
  • Gentamicins
  • Ampicillin