Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical utility of a new image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) technology called optical enhancement imaging (OEI-1, -2, -3) by quantitatively evaluating diagnostic performance in superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in order to facilitate detection and characterization of gastrointestinal tumors.
Patients and methods: The study involved 10 esophageal SCC resected endoscopically at our hospital. Ex vivo observation of the boundary area between normal and SCC was done using each mode (white light image [WLI], OEI-1, OEI-2, and OEI-3) with and without magnification. The additional effect of OEI on WLI was evaluated by calculating the color difference (expressed as ΔE94 ) between SCC and normal epithelium, and that between the intraepithelial papillary capillary loop (IPCL) and inter-vascular background coloration (IVBC).
Results: Mean ΔE94 values between SCC and normal epithelium for WLI, OEI-1, OEI-2, and OEI-3 were 9.37 ± 4.64, 13.82 ± 4.46,13.26 ± 4.73, and 16.44 ± 4.83, respectively; the corresponding values between IPCL and IVBC were 17.57 ± 10.17, 29.32 ± 9.95, 25.41 ± 11.72, and 23.71 ± 11.58, respectively. Compared with WLI, all OEI exhibited significant additional effect on ΔE94 . Furthermore, we found significant additional effect of OEI-3 in observing SCC and normal epithelium, and of OEI-1 in observing IPCL and IVBC, compared with other OEI.
Conclusion: These results suggest that OEI improves endoscopic detection and characterization of esophageal SCC compared with WLI. Moreover, the data indicate that OEI-3 is useful for detection and OEI-1 is useful for characterization of esophageal SCC.
Keywords: band-limited light; image-enhanced endoscopy; inter-vascular background coloration; intraepithelial papillary capillary loop; optical enhancement imaging.
© 2013 The Authors. Digestive Endoscopy © 2013 Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society.