Imaging evaluation of traumatic ligamentous injuries of the ankle and foot

Radiol Clin North Am. 2013 May;51(3):455-78. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2012.11.004. Epub 2013 Mar 25.


Sports ankle injuries are very common worldwide. In the United States, it is estimated that 2 million acute ankle sprains occur each year, averaging to $318 to $914 per sprain. Magnetic resonance imaging is excellent for depicting normal ankle anatomy and can elegantly demonstrate ligamentous injuries of the ankle and associated conditions after ankle sprain. This article encompasses epidemiology, biomechanics, normal anatomy, and pathologic conditions of the ankle and foot ligaments. The specific ligaments discussed include the syndesmotic ligaments, lateral ligament complex of the ankle, deltoid ligament, spring ligament, ligaments of the sinus tarsi, and the Lisfranc ligament.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Foot Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*