High-level disinfection, sterilization, and antisepsis: current issues in reprocessing medical and surgical instruments

Am J Infect Control. 2013 May;41(5 Suppl):S111-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2012.09.030.


Technology is rapidly changing many aspects of health care. The intricate design of instruments, the configuration of instrument trays, and evidence-based practice have resulted in the need for complicated and specific reprocessing recommendations from instrument manufacturers. Patient safety depends on instruments that are appropriately cared for and adequately reprocessed. This article covers current issues that sterile processing and operating room professionals must deal with regarding reprocessing of medical and surgical instruments.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antisepsis / methods*
  • Antisepsis / standards
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Disinfection / methods*
  • Disinfection / standards
  • Equipment Contamination / prevention & control*
  • Equipment Reuse / standards*
  • Humans
  • Operating Rooms / standards
  • Patient Safety / standards
  • Sterilization / methods
  • Sterilization / standards
  • Surgical Instruments / microbiology