Foot loading patterns can be changed by deliberately walking with in-toeing or out-toeing gait modifications

Gait Posture. 2013 Sep;38(4):1067-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.04.001. Epub 2013 Apr 25.


The present study shows how foot loading patterns may be deliberately altered by either in-toeing or out-toeing gait during barefoot walking. The results indicate that in-toeing increasingly loads the lateral aspects of the midfoot and forefoot by as much as 61% and 49%, respectively, whereas out-toeing intensifies the load on the medial aspect, i.e. predominantly the medial midfoot and medial forefoot by as much as 72% and 52%. These findings are being discussed with respect to the potential benefits of consciously altering the gait pattern in order to off-load certain plantar regions.

Keywords: Foot loading; Foot progression angle; In-toeing; Out-toeing; Pedobarography.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Foot / physiology*
  • Forefoot, Human / physiology
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pressure
  • Weight-Bearing / physiology