A high throughput screen for RGS proteins using steady state monitoring of free phosphate formation

PLoS One. 2013 Apr 23;8(4):e62247. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062247. Print 2013.

Abstract

G-protein coupled receptors are a diverse group that are the target of over 50% of marketed drugs. Activation of these receptors results in the exchange of bound GDP for GTP in the Gα subunit of the heterotrimeric G-protein. The Gα subunit dissociates from the β/γ subunits and both proceed to affect downstream signaling targets. The signal terminates by the hydrolysis of GTP to GDP and is temporally regulated by Regulators of G-protein Signaling (RGS) proteins that act as GTPase Activating Proteins (GAPs). This makes RGS proteins potentially desirable targets for "tuning" the effects of current therapies as well as developing novel pharmacotherapies. Current methods for evaluating RGS activity depend on laborious and/or expensive techniques. In this study we developed a simple and inexpensive assay for the steady state analysis of RGS protein GAP activity, using RGS4, RGS8 and RGS17 as models. Additionally, we report the use of RGS4 as a model for high throughput assay development. After initial setup, this assay can be conducted in a highly parallel fashion with a read time of less than 8 minutes for a 1536-well plate. The assay exhibited a robust Z-factor of 0.6 in a 1536-well plate. We conducted a pilot screen for inhibitors using a small, 2320 compound library. From this screen, 13 compounds were identified as compounds for further analysis. The successful development of this assay for high-throughput screening provides a low cost, high speed, simple method for assessing RGS protein activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays*
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Phosphates / metabolism*
  • RGS Proteins / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rosaniline Dyes
  • Small Molecule Libraries

Substances

  • Phosphates
  • RGS Proteins
  • Rosaniline Dyes
  • Small Molecule Libraries
  • malachite green