Context: The College of American Pathologists (CAP) Human Papillomavirus (High-Risk) Survey for Cytopathology and Other Laboratories (CHPV) meets the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments of 1988 (CLIA '88) requirements for 5 proficiency testing challenges analyzed 3 times per year. This study reports laboratory performance for CHPV from 2008 through 2010.
Objective: To identify trends in proficiency testing performance for subscribers to the CAP CHPV.
Design: CHPV responses were evaluated by using a nonlinear mixed model (significance level of .05) with a 2-factor interaction term and repeated measures component, comparing year, media, method, and intended response. Media types included Digene transport, SurePath, ThinPrep media, or a mixture of media types. Proficiency testing challenges validated at 80% consensus.
Results: All challenges validated; 476 laboratories submitted 14 911 responses with 14 620 correct responses (98%). There were no differences between positive or negative challenges, or rate of correct responses; significant differences existed between media types by year and methods. Digene and ThinPrep media performed better than SurePath (P < .001; P = .03). There was a statistically significant difference between methods (P < .001); "other commercial kits," "other (noncommercial)" tests, and Third Wave performed more poorly than others.
Conclusions: Laboratories performed well when testing for human papillomavirus in CHPV during a period of 3 years. All challenges performed to the 80% threshold. Significant differences were found between methods and media. The CAP CHPV survey provides useful information for laboratories choosing human papillomavirus testing methods.