Metabolism of resorcinylic compounds by bacteria. Purification and properties of acetylpyruvate hydrolase from Pseudomonas putida 01

J Biol Chem. 1975 May 25;250(10):3826-30.


Acetylpyruvate hydrolase, the terminal inducible enzyme of the pathway of orcinol catabolism in Pseudomonas putida, catalyzes the quantitative conversion of acetylpyruvate into acetate and pyruvate. The enzyme has been purified approximately 40-fold from extracts of Ps. putida grown on orcinol. Disc gel electrophoresis of the preparations show one major and one minor band of protein. The molecular weight of the enzyme is approximately 38,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis. Acetylpyruvate is the only known substrate for the enzyme; maleylpyruvate, fumarylpyruvate, acetoacetate, oxalacetate, and acetylacetone are not hydrolyzed by acetylpyruvate hydrolase. Several divalent cations, includ-Mg2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, and Zn2+, enhanced hydrolytic activity, but Cu2+ was inhibitory. The enzyme shows a sharp pH optimum at 7.4. Acetylpyruvate hydrolase has an apparent K-m of 0.1 mM for acetylpyruvate with a molecular activity of 36 min minus 1 at 25 degrees. Pyruvate, oxalacetate, and oxalate are competitive inhibitors of acetylpyruvate hydrolysis by the enzyme with K-i values of 6.0, 4.5, and 0.45 mM, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Chromatography
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Edetic Acid / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hydrolases / isolation & purification
  • Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Magnesium / pharmacology
  • Manganese / pharmacology
  • Molecular Weight
  • Pseudomonas / enzymology*
  • Pyruvates
  • Resorcinols / metabolism*
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet


  • Acetates
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Pyruvates
  • Resorcinols
  • Manganese
  • Edetic Acid
  • Hydrolases
  • acetylpyruvate hydrolase
  • Magnesium