[Smoking and obstetric and gynecological disorders]

Nihon Rinsho. 2013 Mar;71(3):449-53.
[Article in Japanese]


Smoking causes various health problems in women in relation to their life cycle. About the effects of smoking on obstetric and gynecological disorders, it is clarified that smoking has adverse effects on menopausal disorders, miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight infant, breast cancer, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer. The high rate of smoking among women of reproductive age is of particular concern for the next generation because smoking affects not only the women themselves, but also the fetus. It is necessary to promote smoking prevention education to prevent women from developing a smoking habit and to provide smoking cessation education and support for smokers.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Female Urogenital Diseases / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology*
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / etiology*
  • Reproduction
  • Risk
  • Smoking / adverse effects*