Antidepressant-induced excessive sweating: clinical features and treatment with terazosin

Ann Clin Psychiatry. 2013 Aug;25(3):186-92. Epub 2013 May 1.


Background: Antidepressant-induced excessive sweating (ADIES) occurs in 5% to 14% of patients taking antidepressants, usually persists throughout treatment, and causes subjective distress and functional impairment. We conducted the first clinical trial of any treatment for ADIES.

Methods: Clinical features of ADIES were assessed using a semi-structured form. Twenty-three patients with moderate or greater ADIES were assessed for a 2-week baseline period , followed by 6 weeks of open-label treatment with flexible dose terazosin, 1 to 6 mg/d. Improvement in ADIES was measured by the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) scale and other measures.

Results: ADIES commonly was prominent in the scalp (62%), face (95%), neck (48%), and chest (57%); usually occurred either episodically or with episodic bursts (82%); and was persistent (median 63 months). Twenty-two of the 23 patients responded to terazosin (CGI-I scores 1 or 2), with CGI-Severity improving from median of 5 to median of 2 (P < .0001). Patient-rated daytime and nighttime severity of ADIES and proportion of time in ADIES also improved significantly. The most common adverse effects of terazosin therapy were dizziness/lightheadedness (n = 9) and dry mouth (n = 4). No patient dropped out because of adverse effects. Sitting and standing systolic blood pressure decreased by median values of 3 (P = .044) and 5 (P = .063) mm Hg, respectively.

Conclusions: Terazosin may be an effective treatment for ADIES. Although dizziness/lightheadedness may occur in some patients, the treatment generally was well tolerated.

Trial registration: NCT00237510 NCT00449683.

Publication types

  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists / therapeutic use*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antidepressive Agents / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperhidrosis / chemically induced
  • Hyperhidrosis / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prazosin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Prazosin / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists
  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Terazosin
  • Prazosin

Associated data