Background: To report the outcome of patients receiving radiotherapy (RT) after radical prostatectomy (RP).
Methods: Between May 2001 and December 2008, 53 consecutive cases of prostate adenocarcinoma treated with RP and RT were reviewed.
Results: A total of 49 patients were eligible for this study. After a median follow-up of 53 months, the 4-year overall survival (OS) and biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) for all patients were 91.0% and 68.9%, respectively. According to univariate and multivariate analysis, pre-RT prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was the most significant factor for bPFS. Patients with pre-RT PSA levels of < 0.2 ng/ml and ≧ 0.2 ng/ml had a 4-year bPFS of 83.1% and 52.6%, respectively (p = 0.013). The incidence of chronic rectal toxicity was low, with no grade 3 toxicity reported and grade 2 toxicity found in only 6 patients (12.2%). However, long-term urinary toxicity of grade 2 or higher was found in 24 patients (49.0%).
Conclusion: For patients with increasing PSA levels following RP, local RT should be administered prior to biochemical failure (PSA ≧ 0.2), to ensure good bPFS.