Antibodies to Schmallenberg Virus in Domestic Livestock in Turkey

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2013 Nov;45(8):1825-8. doi: 10.1007/s11250-013-0415-2. Epub 2013 May 4.

Abstract

This, partly retrospective study, was designed to determine the seroprevalence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a new Orthobunyavirus first reported in Germany in late 2011, in domestic ruminants from the Middle Black Sea, West, and Southeast regions of Turkey. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to screen serum samples collected from slaughterhouse animals between 2006 and 2013. The overall seroprevalence was 335/1,362 (24.5 %) with 325/816 (39.8 %), 5/307 (1.6 %), 3/109 (2.8 %), and 2/130 (1.5 %) recorded in cattle, sheep, goats, and Anatolian water buffalo, respectively. This is the first study to demonstrate the presence of antibodies to SBV in Turkish ruminants; it indicates that cattle are more susceptible to infection than sheep, goats, or buffalo and that exposure of domestic ruminants to SBV in Turkey may have occurred up to 5 years prior to the first recorded outbreak of the disease in 2011.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • Bunyaviridae Infections / blood
  • Bunyaviridae Infections / epidemiology
  • Bunyaviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Bunyaviridae Infections / virology
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / veterinary
  • Orthobunyavirus / isolation & purification*
  • Poultry Diseases / blood
  • Poultry Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Poultry Diseases / virology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ruminants / virology*
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Turkey / epidemiology

Substances

  • Antibodies, Viral