Electroencephalogram and HIV infection: a prospective study in 100 patients

Clin Electroencephalogr. 1990 Jul;21(3):145-50. doi: 10.1177/155005949002100310.

Abstract

In order to study the correlation between central nervous system (CNS) involvement and EEG abnormalities in HIV infection we studied 100 consecutive HIV patients. Patients were divided into 4 groups; Group I: 42 neurologically asymptomatic subjects; Group II: 6 patients with peripheral neuropathies; Group III: 28 patients with AIDS Dementia Complex; Group IV: 24 patients with secondary CNS involvement. The results of this study emphasize that abnormal EEGs are correlated with CNS involvement. Neurologically asymptomatic patients showed no abnormal tracings, but the presence of borderline EEGs (33%) in asymptomatic patients should be evaluated prospectively.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Dementia Complex / diagnosis*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Adult
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies