Growth factor content in PRP and their applicability in medicine

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2012 Apr-Jun;26(2 Suppl 1):3S-22S.


This paper reviews available reports on the advantages and possibilities of clinical use of platelet-rich plasma preparations, with particular emphasis on platelet growth factors. Platelets, an important reservoir of growth factors in the body, play an important role in many processes such as coagulation, immune response, angiogenesis and the healing of damaged tissues. Numerous proteins are contained in the alpha-granules of platelets: platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor (TGF), platelet factor interleukin (IL), platelet-derived angiogenesis factor (PDAF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factor IGF and fibronectin. The development of methods and systems for blood and cell sorting (e.g. CAPSS - compact advanced platelet sequestration system Elektromedics 500, PCCS - platelet concentrate collection system Curasan) have made it possible to obtain significant concentrations of platelets (even by 338 percent) and high concentrations of growth factors, in a form of sterile mass that can be used immediately for clinical purposes. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP; autologous platelet-rich plasma - APRP) are platelet concentrates made of autogenous blood with a high number of platelets in a small volume of plasma. The clinical efficacy of platelet concentrates depends mainly on the number of platelets and the concentration of their growth factors, which act as transmitters in most processes in tissues, particularly in healing where they are responsible for proliferation, differentiation, chemotaxis and tissue morphogenesis. They operate as part of autocrine, paracrine and endocrine mechanisms. Growth factors derived from centrifuged blood were first used in patients with chronic skin ulcers. The clinical use of PRP for a wide variety of applications has been reported mostly in oral and maxillo-facial surgery, orthopedic surgery, treatment of soft tissue diseases and injuries, treatment of burns, hard-to-heal wounds, tissue engineering and implantology.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Coagulation
  • Burns / rehabilitation
  • Burns / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / classification
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / therapeutic use*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / rehabilitation
  • Platelet Count
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / chemistry*
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / cytology
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Wound Healing


  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins