Purpose: To characterize and quantify exocrine pancreatic function by secretin-stimulated magnetic resonance cholangiopancreaticography (s-MRCP) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in healthy subjects and compare these findings to morphological features, ie, pancreatic volume and secretin-stimulated peak bicarbonate concentration measured in pancreatic juice.
Materials and methods: Pancreatic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (1.5 T) was performed in 20 healthy volunteers among which 10 underwent gastroscopy with duodenal intubation. MRI included T2-weighted imaging and DWI acquired before and 1, 5, 9, and 13 minutes after secretin administration. Secreted pancreatic juice volumes were calculated based on the sequential T2-weighted images and pancreatic volumes and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were estimated.
Results: The mean pancreatic secretion rate declined from 9.5 mL/min at 1-5 minutes (postsecretin) to 2.9 mL/min at 9-13 minutes. Pancreatic head ADC values significantly increased from baseline (1.29 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s) to 1 minute postsecretin (1.48 × 10(-3) mm(2) /s) (P = 0.003). Secreted pancreatic juice volume at 1 minute after secretin correlated positively with peak bicarbonate concentration (n = 10, P = 0.05).
Conclusion: Secretin-stimulated MRCP and DWI can characterize and quantify exocrine pancreatic function in healthy subjects. These imaging methods may prove relevant for patients with exocrine pancreatic dysfunction.
Keywords: diffusion-weighted MRI; exocrine pancreatic function; pancreas; secretin-stimulated MRCP.
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.