The effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation on titanium discs with microtextured surface morphology

Lasers Med Sci. 2015 Jan;30(1):11-5. doi: 10.1007/s10103-013-1338-x. Epub 2013 May 7.


Both mechanical and chemical methods can be used to clean and decontaminate implant surfaces. Incomplete debridement of infected tissue and failure to clear endotoxins can result in graft failure and a return of the defect. Recently, lasers have gained popularity for sterilizing and cleaning implant surfaces. We determined the effects of laser treatment on the surface characteristics of titanium discs with a Laser-Lok surface. The discs were irradiated with an erbium, chromium: yttrium, scandium, gallium, garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser under various conditions (R1-9). Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the surface. Considerable surface alterations such as melting and flattening were seen at R6 (2 W, 20 Hz, 4 mm, 45 s) and R8 (3 W, 25 Hz, 2 mm, 45 s). In addition, cracking was seen at R8. The laser parameters should be optimized to conserve surface characteristics during the irradiation of implant surfaces.

MeSH terms

  • Chromium / chemistry*
  • Erbium / chemistry*
  • Lasers, Solid-State*
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Surface Properties
  • Titanium / chemistry*
  • Titanium / radiation effects*


  • Chromium
  • Erbium
  • Titanium