Local silencing controls the oxidative stress response and the multidrug resistance in Candida glabrata

Mol Microbiol. 2013 Jun;88(6):1135-48. doi: 10.1111/mmi.12247. Epub 2013 May 16.


In Candida glabrata, the sirtuins Sir2 and Hst1 control the expression of a wide number of genes including adhesins required for host colonization and niacin transporters needed for growth. Given that these sirtuins can be inactivated during infection, we asked if their inhibition could modify the response of C. glabrata to other stressful conditions. Here, we found that deletion of HST1 decreases susceptibility of C. glabrata to fluconazole and hydrogen peroxide. The transcription factor Pdr1 and the ABC transporter Cdr1 mediated the fluconazole resistance phenotype of the hst1Δ cells, whereas the transcriptional activator Msn4 and the catalase Cta1 are necessary to provide oxidative stress resistance. We show that the transcription factor Sum1 interacts with Hst1 and participate in the regulation of these genes. Interestingly, even though C. glabrata and Saccharomyces cerevisiae are closely related phylogenetically, deletion of HST1 decreased susceptibility to fluconazole and hydrogen peroxide only in C. glabrata but not in S. cerevisiae, indicating a different transcriptional control by two similar sirtuins. Our findings suggest that Hst1 acts as a regulator of stress resistance associated-genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Candida glabrata / drug effects
  • Candida glabrata / genetics*
  • Candida glabrata / physiology
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Fungal*
  • Fluconazole / pharmacology
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Deletion
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / toxicity
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Sirtuins / metabolism*
  • Stress, Physiological
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • Antifungal Agents
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Fluconazole
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Sirtuins