Donor-specific immunological tolerance using high doses of bone marrow cells (BMCs) has been demonstrated in mixed chimerism-based tolerance induction protocols; however, the development of graft versus host disease remains a risk. Here, we demonstrate that the co-infusion of limited numbers of donor unfractionated BMCs with human amnion-derived multipotent progenitor cells (AMPs) 7 days post-allograft transplantation facilitates macrochimerism induction and graft tolerance in a mouse skin transplantation model. AMPs + BMCs co-infusion with minimal conditioning led to stable, mixed, multilineage lymphoid and myeloid macrochimerism, deletion of donor-reactive T cells, expansion of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (T(regs)) and long-term allograft survival (>300 days). Based on these findings, we speculate that AMPs maybe a pro-tolerogenic cellular therapeutic that could have clinical efficacy for both solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant applications.
© Copyright 2013 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.