Objectives: To prospectively evaluate the early development of regional liver function after right portal vein embolisation (PVE) with Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI in patients scheduled for extended right hemihepatectomy.
Methods: Ten patients who received a PVE before an extended hemihepatectomy were examined before and 14 days after PVE using Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI of the liver. In these sequences representative region of interest measurements were performed in the embolised right (RLL) and the non-embolised left liver lobe (LLL). The volume as well as hepatic uptake index (HUI) was calculated independently for each lobe.
Results: Relative enhancement 14 days after PVE decreased in the RLL and increased significantly in the LLL (P < 0.05). Average hepatic uptake index (HUI) for RLL was significantly lower 14 days after PVE than before PVE (P < 0.05) and significantly higher for LLL (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: A significant shift of contrast uptake from the right to the left liver lobe can be depicted as early as 14 days after right PVE by using Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, which could reflect the redirected portal venous blood flow and the rapid utilisation of a hepatic functional reserve.
Key points: • Preoperative portal vein embolisation (PVE) is widely performed before right-sided hepatic resection. • PVE increases intravenous contrast medium uptake in the left lobe of liver. • The hepatic uptake index for the left liver lobe increases rapidly after PVE. • Left liver lobe function increase may be visualised by Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI.