Transverse plane gait problems in children with cerebral palsy

J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jun;33(4):422-30. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3182784e16.


Transverse plane deviations are significant contributors to pathologic gait in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Due to limitations in neuromuscular control, balance, strength and coordination, transverse plane gait deviations are poorly tolerated in these children. Transverse plane malalignment results in lever arm dysfunction and can be seen with either intoeing or out-toeing. Frequent causes of transverse plane problems and lever arm dysfunction include long bone (femoral and/or tibial) torsion, pelvic rotation, and pes varus or valgus. Computerized motion analysis facilitates accurate identification of transverse plane abnormalities. This article addresses appropriate identification and treatment of transverse plane gait deviations in children with CP.

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted*
  • Femur / pathology
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / diagnosis
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / etiology*
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Rotation
  • Tibia / pathology
  • Torsion Abnormality