Chronic colonization with Staphylococcus aureus is found in 40-50% of the sputum producing patients with cystic fibrosis treated at Stockholm's Cystic Fibrosis Center, Huddinge University Hospital. 30-40% of these patients had increased ELISA IgG antibody titres against teichoic acid and against alpha-toxin. About half of the number of patients showed increased antibody titres to either antigen during infection. Increased antibody titres against staphylococcal antigens were only found in less than or equal to 10% of patients not chronically colonized with S. aureus (no different from the normal population). The serum titres of antistaphylococcal antibodies were significantly higher in the chronically colonized patients (p less than 0.001). Patients who were also chronically harbouring Pseudomonas aeruginosa had the highest titres of both antibodies. The titres increased with clinical signs of infection and were normalized by antimicrobial chemotherapy. To conclude, the use of ELISA IgG antibodies may prove suitable for routine evaluation of the need for, and control of the efficacy of antistaphylococcal chemotherapy in cystic fibrosis.