Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 31 (4), 160-3

Rhazes' Concepts and Manuscripts on Nutrition in Treatment and Health Care


Rhazes' Concepts and Manuscripts on Nutrition in Treatment and Health Care

Farzad Nikaein et al. Anc Sci Life.


The use of nutrition in medical practice has a long history dating back to 6000 years. The great Persian chemist, physician, and philosopher, Rhazes (865-925 AD), wrote over 200 books in different branches of science. Some of his work drew attention to the notion that nutrition is an important part of treating diseases and health care procedures. Rhazes formulated highly developed concepts of nutrition and wrote several special books about food and diet such as manfe' al aghzie va mazareha (Benefits of Food and its Harmfulness), teb al moluki (Medicine for Kings), and Ata'me al marza (Food for Patients). His writing included detailed guidance about eating fruit ma iaghdam men al favakeh va al aghzieh va ma yoakhar (Fruit Before or After Meal), and other food types keifiat al eghteza (Temperament and Quality of Foods) and al aghziat al mokhtasareh (Brief Facts about Food). Considering the time that these books were written, they have had a great influence on approaches to nutrition in the history of medicine, so Rhazes can be considered as a pioneer in the scientific field of nutrition.

Keywords: History; Rhazes; nutrition.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

Similar articles

  • Ophthalmology in Persian Medicine
    SM Tabatabaei et al. J Med Ethics Hist Med 7, 19. PMID 26587199.
    Despite the fact that ophthalmology is one of the foremost branches of medicine, conceptualization of the structure and function of the eye barely advanced in ancient Wes …
  • Hydrocephalus and Its Treatment According to Rhazes
    A Aciduman et al. J Neurosurg Pediatr 3 (3), 161-5. PMID 19338460.
    The renowned medieval Persian physician Rhazes was an early proponent of experimental medicine. Rhazes made fundamental and enduring contributions to medicine and to othe …
  • Rhazes Viewpoints About Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis of Gout
    SM Tabatabaei et al. J Med Ethics Hist Med 5, 3. PMID 23908756.
    Gout, a medical condition of acute inflammatory joint disorders, has been recognized from the antiquity. However, the name of Rhazes, a Persian historic physician who has …
  • Nutritional Aspects to Prevent Heart Diseases in Traditional Persian Medicine
    G Kordafshari et al. J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med 20 (1), 57-64. PMID 25331095. - Review
    Cardiovascular diseases are major health complications currently in various societies. Management of heart diseases as a prevention step or as treatment with low-cost pro …
  • Water Intake From the Points of View of Rhazes and Avicenna
    P Jafari et al. Complement Med Res 26 (2), 126-132. PMID 30893678. - Review
    Owing to the effect of acute and chronic hypohydration on health and the lethal effects of hyperhydration, an appropriate amount of water intake is important for each ind …
See all similar articles

Cited by 3 PubMed Central articles


    1. Carpenter KJ. A short history of nutritional science: Part 1 (1785–1885) J Nutr. 2003;133:638–45. - PubMed
    1. Cannon G. The rise and fall of dietetics and of nutrition science, 4000 BCE-2000 CE. Public Health Nutr. 2005;8:701–5. - PubMed
    1. Papavramidou N, Christopoulou-Aletra H. Greco-Roman and Byzantine views on obesity. Obes Surg. 2007;17:112–6. - PubMed
    1. Bevegni C, Adami GF. Obesity and obesity surgery in ancient Greece. Obes Surg. 2003;13:808–9. - PubMed
    1. Abdel-Halim RE. Obesity: 1000 years ago. Lancet. 2005;366:204. - PubMed