The Role of Distraction Osteogenesis in the Management of Craniofacial Syndromes

Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2013 Jan;3(1):4-10. doi: 10.4103/2231-0746.110063.


Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has been established as a useful technique in the correction of skeletal anomalies of the long bones for several decades. However, the use of DO in the management of craniofacial deformities has been evolving over the past 20 years, with initial experience in the mandible, followed by the mid-face and subsequently, the cranium. This review aims to provide an overview of the current role of DO in the treatment of patients with craniofacial anomalies.

Keywords: Airway obstruction; craniofacial; distraction; mandible; mid-face.