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Randomized Controlled Trial
, 27 (9), 1016-25

The Effectiveness of Artificial Intelligent 3-D Virtual Reality Vocational Problem-Solving Training in Enhancing Employment Opportunities for People With Traumatic Brain Injury

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Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effectiveness of Artificial Intelligent 3-D Virtual Reality Vocational Problem-Solving Training in Enhancing Employment Opportunities for People With Traumatic Brain Injury

David Wai Kwong Man et al. Brain Inj.

Abstract

Background: People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often experience cognitive deficits in attention, memory, executive functioning and problem-solving. The purpose of the present research study was to examine the effectiveness of an artificial intelligent virtual reality (VR)-based vocational problem-solving skill training programme designed to enhance employment opportunities for people with TBI.

Method: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of the above programme with that of the conventional psycho-educational approach. Forty participants with mild (n = 20) or moderate (n = 20) brain injury were randomly assigned to each training programme. Comparisons of problem-solving skills were performed with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Tower of London Test and the Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale.

Results: Improvement in selective memory processes and perception of memory function were found. Across-group comparison showed that the VR group performed more favourably than the therapist-led one in terms of objective and subjective outcome measures and better vocational outcomes.

Conclusions: These results support the potential use of a VR-based approach in memory training in people with MCI. Further VR applications, limitations and future research are described.

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