Extending predictive processing to the body: emotion as interoceptive inference

Behav Brain Sci. 2013 Jun;36(3):227-8. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X12002270. Epub 2013 May 10.


The Bayesian brain hypothesis provides an attractive unifying framework for perception, cognition, and action. We argue that the framework can also usefully integrate interoception, the sense of the internal physiological condition of the body. Our model of "interoceptive predictive coding" entails a new view of emotion as interoceptive inference and may account for a range of psychiatric disorders of selfhood.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Attention / physiology*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Cognitive Science / trends*
  • Humans
  • Perception / physiology*