Endothelial PDGF-BB produced ex vivo correlates with relevant hemodynamic parameters in patients affected by chronic venous disease

Cytokine. 2013 Aug;63(2):92-6. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2013.04.018. Epub 2013 May 7.


Surgical specimens of vein were obtained from the tertiary venous network and/or saphenous vein from patients (n=20) affected by chronic venous disease (CVD). Into the venous segments, which subsequently were surgically ablated, the following hemodynamic parameters were assessed by echo-color-doppler (ECD): peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, whose combination allowed the calculation of the resistance index (RI) and the reflux time (RT). Highly purified venous endothelial cell (VEC) cultures derived from venous segments of these CVD patients were then characterized for the profile of cytokines and chemokines released in the culture supernatants. Among the 27 cytokines and chemokines examined, we found a positive and significant correlation (R=0.5; p=0.03) only between the spontaneous release of PDGF-BB by VEC cultures and the RT values of the patients from which the VEC were isolates. In addition, the release of PDGF-BB in the VEC culture supernatants was significantly (p<0.01) increased upon in vitro treatment with recombinant TNF-α. By using pharmacological inhibitors, specific for the main pathways, NF-kB, ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK, activated by exposure of endothelial cells to TNF-α, we found that only NF-kB appeared to be significantly involved in mediating the PDGF-BB induction by TNF-α. Of interest, the release of PDGF-BB in response to the in vitro inflammatory stimulation, maintained a positive and significant correlation with RT (R=0.6; p=0.01), while showing a negative correlation with RI (R=-0.5; p=0.03). The potential implications of our findings for the pathophysiology of CVD are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Becaplermin
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemokines / biosynthesis
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Cytokines / biosynthesis
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism*
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / immunology
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • NF-kappa B / antagonists & inhibitors
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis / biosynthesis*
  • Saphenous Vein / metabolism
  • Saphenous Vein / physiopathology
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism*
  • Vascular Diseases / metabolism*
  • Vascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors


  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • NF-kappa B
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Becaplermin
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
  • p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases