Natural course of acute neck and low back pain in the general population: the HUNT study

Pain. 2013 Aug;154(8):1237-44. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2013.03.032. Epub 2013 Apr 2.


In this prospective cohort study we aimed to describe the natural course of acute neck and low back pain in a general population of Norway. We screened 9056 subjects aged 20-67 years who participated in a general health survey for a new episode of neck or low back pain the previous month. The screening identified 219 subjects who formed the cohort for this study. Pain intensity was reported on a numeric rating scale (0-10) at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months after start of the new pain episode. The course of pain was described for neck and low back pain, different baseline pain levels, age groups, and number of pain sites at baseline. Use of medication and health care was described and associations between pain intensity and seeking health care were estimated. Pain declined rapidly within 1 month after a new pain episode, with a reduction of 0.91 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50-1.32) for neck pain and 1.40 (95% CI 0.82-1.99) for low back pain with little change thereafter. However, pain remained unchanged over the follow-up year for those with equal pain in the neck and low back areas at baseline and for those reporting 4 or more pain sites at baseline. Only 1 in 5 sought health care for their complaints. Still, the course of pain was comparable to effect sizes reported in interventional studies. This study thus contributes natural course reference data for comparisons of pain outcome in clinical trials and practice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Back Pain / drug therapy
  • Back Pain / epidemiology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Community Health Planning
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / drug therapy
  • Low Back Pain / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Pain Measurement
  • Sick Leave / statistics & numerical data
  • Time Factors
  • Young Adult