Stopped in Its Tracks: Negative Regulation of the Dynein Motor by the Yeast Protein She1

Bioessays. 2013 Aug;35(8):677-82. doi: 10.1002/bies.201300016. Epub 2013 May 13.

Abstract

How do cells direct the microtubule motor protein dynein to move cellular components to the right place at the right time? Recent studies in budding yeast shed light on a new mechanism for directing dynein, involving the protein She1. She1 restricts where and when dynein moves the nucleus and mitotic spindle. Experiments with purified proteins show that She1 binds to microtubules and inhibits dynein by stalling the motor on its track. Here I describe what we have learned so far about She1, based on a combination of genetic, cell biology, and biophysical approaches. These findings set the stage for further interrogation of the She1 mechanism, and raise the question of whether similar mechanisms exist in other species.

Keywords: cell division; dynein; microtubules; motor proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Dyneins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
  • Genome, Fungal
  • Microtubules / chemistry
  • Myosin Heavy Chains / metabolism*
  • Myosin Type V / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Spindle Apparatus / metabolism
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins
  • Myo4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Myosin Type V
  • Myosin Heavy Chains
  • Dyneins