Background: The cytokines IL12 and IL23 have been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). In this study we investigated the genetic variations in the genes coding for IL12, IL23 and IL23 receptor as a plausible source of susceptibility and modification of clinical symptoms of PsA in Romanian population.
Methods: Twenty five SNPs mapping to IL12A, IL12B, IL23A, IL23R and IL12RB1 genes were genotyped in 94 PsA patients and 161 healthy controls of Romanian ethnicity using the Sequenom genotyping platform.
Results: The exonic SNP rs11171806 from IL23A gene was significantly underrepresented in patients versus controls (p=0.03, OR 0.391) and the carriers of rs11171806/rs2066808 AC haplotype had decreased risk for PsA (p=0.03). The two SNPs of the highly conserved gene IL23A are in complete LD in our population. Genetic variants of IL12B gene were associated with polyarticular subtype of PsA. No associations were found between SNPs from IL12A, IL23R and IL12RB1 genes and susceptibility to PsA and its phenotypes.
Conclusion: We confirm the previously described association of rs2066808 variant with psoriasis and PsA and we show evidence of an extended genomic region inside IL23A gene as carrier of true disease susceptibility factors. These data suggest a role for IL23 in the PsA pathogenesis in Romanians.
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