Successful use of BiPAP in infants with congenital myotonic dystrophy

Pediatr Int. 2013 Apr;55(2):243-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2012.03732.x.


Reported herein are two cases of severe phenotype of congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM) with presentation of respiratory insufficiency at birth. The infants were successfully managed with bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) via nasal mask. The use of BiPAP in infants with CDM has not been reported before. The rationale for using BiPAP is discussed. BiPAP may be more effective than continuous positive airway pressure in managing respiratory insufficiency, especially in infants with the more severe phenotype of CDM.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Continuous Positive Airway Pressure / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Myotonic Dystrophy / complications*
  • Myotonic Dystrophy / therapy
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy*