Impact of behaviour and lifestyle on bladder health

Int J Clin Pract. 2013 Jun;67(6):495-504. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12143.


Bladder conditions, including UTI, UI, and bladder cancer, are highly prevalent and affect a wide range of populations. There are a variety of modifiable behavioral and lifestyle factors that influence bladder health. Some factors, such as smoking and obesity, increase the risk or severity of bladder conditions, whereas other factors, such as pelvic floor muscle exercise, are protective. Although clinical practice may be assumed to be the most appropriate ground for education on behavioral and lifestyle factors that influence bladder health, it is also crucial to extend these messages into the general population through public health interventions to reach those who have not yet developed bladder conditions and to maximize the prevention impact of these behaviors. Appropriate changes in these factors have the potential for an enormous impact on bladder health if implemented on a population-based level.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Body Mass Index
  • Caffeine / adverse effects
  • Diet / adverse effects
  • Diet / methods
  • Drinking
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Pelvic Floor / physiology
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications
  • Urinary Bladder Diseases / etiology*
  • Urinary Bladder Diseases / prevention & control
  • Urination / physiology
  • Vaccinium macrocarpon
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage
  • Vitamins / administration & dosage


  • Vitamins
  • Vitamin D
  • Caffeine