Objective: To compare clinical and radiological outcome between acetabular fractures with marginal impaction that were treated with either cancellous bone graft (CBG) or tricalcium phosphate cement (TPC) as bone void filler.
Design: Retrospective study.
Patients: Forty-three patients with acetabular fractures with marginal impaction.
Intervention: Eighteen patients received cancellous bone graft and 25 patients received tricalcium phosphate cement as bone void filler.
Main outcome measurement: Clinical outcome was assessed using the Merle d'Aubigne score and Short-form-36. Radiographs were evaluated for postoperative reduction, arthritis grade and development of heterotopic ossification.
Results: Forty-three patients met the inclusion criteria. There was no significant difference in the demographics, laterality, fracture type, associated injuries, surgical approach and postoperative quality of reduction between the groups. At final follow-up, a significantly higher number of patients in the cancellous bone graft group exhibited signs of moderate to severe post-traumatic arthritis (CBG: 6 (33%) vs. TPC: 4 (20%), p=0.007) and required a total hip arthroplasty (CBG: 4 (22.2%) vs. TPC: 1 (5%), p=0.08). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the SF-36 score and the modified Merle d'Aubigne score.
Conclusion: Patients with acetabular fractures with marginal impaction treated with tricalcium phosphate cement exhibit a significantly lower incidence of post-traumatic arthritis when compared to patients treated with cancellous bone graft.
Level of evidence: III.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.