Adductor squeeze test values and hip joint range of motion in Gaelic football athletes with longstanding groin pain

J Sci Med Sport. 2014 Mar;17(2):155-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2013.04.008. Epub 2013 May 15.


Objectives: The objective of the present study was to investigate whether differences exist in adductor squeeze test values and hip joint range of motion between athletes with longstanding groin pain and injury-free controls.

Design: Observational study with a case control design.

Methods: Eighteen Gaelic football players with current longstanding groin pain and 18 matched injury-free controls were assessed on their performance of the adductor squeeze test. Adductor squeeze test values were quantified using a sphygmomanometer. A fluid-filled inclinometer was used to assess hip joint internal and external rotation range of motion. A bent knee fall-out test was also utilised to examine hip joint range of motion.

Results: A significant difference in adductor squeeze test values was observed between the control group (269 ± 25 mmHg) and longstanding groin pain group (202 ± 36 mmHg; p<0.01). Furthermore the longstanding groin pain group had a decreased bent knee fall-out (p<0.01) bilaterally, as well as decreased hip joint internal rotation (p<0.05) and hip joint external rotation (p<0.05) range of motion bilaterally when compared to the control group.

Conclusions: Gaelic football players with longstanding groin pain exhibit decreased adductor squeeze test values and hip joint range of motion when compared to non-injured players. These findings have implications for assessment and rehabilitation practices, as well as return to play criteria.

Keywords: Articular range of motion; Athletic injuries; Hip injuries; Muscle strength.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chronic Pain / physiopathology*
  • Exercise Test
  • Football / injuries*
  • Groin
  • Hip / physiology
  • Hip Joint / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Ireland
  • Male
  • Muscle Strength*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology*
  • Range of Motion, Articular*
  • Young Adult