Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in Europe: adoption trends and factors influencing device utilization

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Jul 16;62(3):210-219. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.074. Epub 2013 May 15.


Objectives: The authors sought to examine the adoption of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in Western Europe and investigate factors that may influence the heterogeneous use of this therapy.

Background: Since its commercialization in 2007, the number of TAVR procedures has grown exponentially.

Methods: The adoption of TAVR was investigated in 11 European countries: Germany, France, Italy, United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, Portugal, Denmark, and Ireland. Data were collected from 2 sources: 1) lead physicians submitted nation-specific registry data; and 2) an implantation-based TAVR market tracker. Economic indexes such as healthcare expenditure per capita, sources of healthcare funding, and reimbursement strategies were correlated to TAVR use. Furthermore, we assessed the extent to which TAVR has penetrated its potential patient population.

Results: Between 2007 and 2011, 34,317 patients underwent TAVR. Considerable variation in TAVR use existed across nations. In 2011, the number of TAVR implants per million individuals ranged from 6.1 in Portugal to 88.7 in Germany (33 ± 25). The annual number of TAVR implants performed per center across nations also varied widely (range 10 to 89). The weighted average TAVR penetration rate was low: 17.9%. Significant correlation was found between TAVR use and healthcare spending per capita (r = 0.80; p = 0.005). TAVR-specific reimbursement systems were associated with higher TAVR use than restricted systems (698 ± 232 vs. 213 ± 112 implants/million individuals ≥ 75 years; p = 0.002).

Conclusions: The authors' findings indicate that TAVR is underutilized in high and prohibitive surgical risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. National economic indexes and reimbursement strategies are closely linked with TAVR use and help explain the inequitable adoption of this therapy.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnosis
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / epidemiology*
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Cardiac Catheterization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cardiac Catheterization / trends
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / trends
  • Humans
  • Registries*