The emerging world of the fungal microbiome

Trends Microbiol. 2013 Jul;21(7):334-41. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2013.04.002. Epub 2013 May 17.


The study of the fungal microbiota ('mycobiome') is a new and rapidly emerging field that lags behind our understanding of the bacterial microbiome. Every human has fungi as part of their microbiota, but the total number of fungal cells is orders of magnitude smaller than that of the bacterial microbiota. However, the impact of the mycobiome on human health is significant, especially as a reservoir for blooms of pathogenic microbes when the host is compromised and as a potential cofactor in inflammatory diseases and metabolic disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Fungi / classification*
  • Fungi / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Microbiota*