Effect of methysergide on pudendal inhibition of micturition reflex in cats

Exp Neurol. 2013 Sep;247:250-8. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2013.05.006. Epub 2013 May 18.


The role of 5-HT2 and opioid receptors in pudendal inhibition of bladder activity induced by intravesical infusion of saline or 0.25% acetic acid (AA) was investigated in anesthetized cats using methysergide (a 5-HT2 receptor antagonist) and naloxone (an opioid receptor antagonist). AA irritated the bladder and significantly (P<0.0001) reduced bladder capacity to 27.0 ± 7.4% of saline control capacity. Pudendal nerve stimulation (PNS) at multiples of the threshold (T) intensity for inducing anal sphincter twitching restored bladder capacity to 60.1 ± 8.0% at 1-2T (P<0.0001) and 92.2 ± 14.1% at 3-4T (P=0.001) of the saline control capacity. Methysergide (0.03-1mg/kg, i.v.) suppressed low intensity (1-2T) PNS inhibition but not high intensity (3-4T) inhibition, and also significantly (P<0.05) increased control bladder capacity at the dosage of 0.3-1mg/kg. During saline infusion without AA irritation, PNS significantly increased bladder capacity to 150.8 ± 9.9% at 1-2T (P<0.01) and 180.4 ± 16.6% at 3-4T (P<0.01) of the saline control capacity. Methysergide (0.1-1 mg/kg) significantly (P<0.05) increased saline control bladder capacity and suppressed PNS inhibition at the dosage of 0.03-1mg/kg. After methysergide treatment (1 mg/kg), naloxone significantly (P<0.05) reduced control bladder capacity during AA infusion but had no effect during saline infusion. Naloxone also had no influence on PNS inhibition. These results suggest that 5-HT2 receptors play a role in PNS inhibition of reflex bladder activity and interact with opioid mechanisms in micturition reflex pathway. Understanding neurotransmitter mechanisms underlying pudendal neuromodulation is important for the development of new treatments for bladder disorders.

Keywords: 5-HT(2) receptor; Cat; Neuromodulation; Opioid receptor; Pudendal.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acetic Acid / pharmacology
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Biophysics
  • Cats
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Female
  • Male
  • Methysergide / pharmacology*
  • Naloxone / pharmacology
  • Narcotic Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Piperazines / pharmacology
  • Pudendal Nerve / drug effects*
  • Pudendal Nerve / physiology
  • Pyridines / pharmacology
  • Reflex / drug effects*
  • Reflex / physiology
  • Serotonin Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Urinary Bladder / drug effects
  • Urinary Bladder / innervation
  • Urinary Bladder / physiology
  • Urination / drug effects
  • Urination / physiology*


  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Piperazines
  • Pyridines
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Naloxone
  • N-(2-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl)ethyl)-N-(2-pyridinyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide
  • Acetic Acid
  • Methysergide