Objectives: The value of conventional non-invasive Doppler parameters to predict ventricular end-diastolic pressure (EDP) and diastolic function in congenital heart diseases is limited. The aim of our prospective study was to investigate whether the ratio of mitral early blood inflow velocity to early diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus (E/e') as assessed by pulsed tissue Doppler is related to EDP in patients with different congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing left heart catheterization.
Methods: A total of 115 hospital inpatients (64 male) with different CHD referred for cardiac catheterization were simultaneously examined by echocardiography for non-invasive estimation of ventricular EDP during heart catheterization. The mean age at catheterization was 8.71 years (range 3 days to 18 years). These patients were divided into two groups according to the different hemodynamic and morphology conditions: group A consisted of patients with biventricular heart and group B of patients with univentricular heart.
Results: For all the studied patients, a significant positive correlation was found between E/e' and EDP (r = 0.54, P < 0.001). EDP correlated rather weakly with combined measurements E/global LV early diastolic velocity (r = 0.27, P = 0.02). A significant relationship was also found between ventricular EDP and early mitral inflow velocity E (r = 0.36, P = 0.001). The ratio of pulmonary venous flow velocities s/d was not found to be related to invasively measured EDP (r = -0.16, P = 0.13). Group A (n = 96) had similar results, but for group B (n = 19), these parameters did not show a relationship to EDP. The analysis of these parameters showed that the larger area under the curve (AUC) was found for the ratio of E/e' (AUC = 0.77) compared with E/global e' (AUC = 0.57). E/e' > 10.7 had 69 % sensitivity and 81 % specificity for EDP > 10 mmHg.
Conclusion: Doppler and tissue Doppler-derived E/e' ratio is related to simultaneous invasive measurement of EDP in a heterogeneous group of patients with CHD and may provide an additional surrogate non-invasive estimation of ventricular diastolic performance in the routine follow-up of these patients.