Objectives: Based on in vivo studies, low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) stimulation has been widely used in the clinic for advancing bone growth during healing of non-union alignment, fractures and other osseous defects. In this study, we have investigated osteogenic differentiation of adipose stem cells (ASCs) regulated by LIPUS, and also in a preliminarily manner, we have discussed diverse effects of different duty ratio parameters.
Materials and methods: Mouse adipose stem cells were isolated and osteogenically induced. Then they were treated with LIPUS for 10 min/day for 3 days, 5 days and 7 days, respectively. Finally, effects of LIPUS on osteogenic differentiation of the ASCs were analysed by real-time PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence.
Results: Our data indicated that LIPUS promoted mRNA levels of runt-related transcription factor 2, osteopontin and osterix in the presence of osteo-induction medium; moreover, protein levels of runt-related transcription factor 2 and osteopontin were upregulated.
Conclusions: We successfully demonstrated that LIPUS enhanced osteogenesis of ASCs, specially at the duty ratio of 20%.
© 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.