Boginia virus, a newfound hantavirus harbored by the Eurasian water shrew (Neomys fodiens) in Poland

Virol J. 2013 May 22;10:160. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-10-160.

Abstract

Background: Guided by decades-old reports of hantaviral antigens in the Eurasian common shrew (Sorex araneus) and the Eurasian water shrew (Neomys fodiens) in European Russia, we employed RT-PCR to analyze lung tissues of soricine shrews, captured in Boginia, Huta Dłutowska and Kurowice in central Poland during September 2010, 2011 and 2012.

Findings: In addition to Seewis virus (SWSV), which had been previously found in Eurasian common shrews elsewhere in Europe, a genetically distinct hantavirus, designated Boginia virus (BOGV), was detected in Eurasian water shrews captured in each of the three villages. Phylogenetic analysis, using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods, showed that BOGV formed a separate lineage distantly related to SWSV.

Conclusions: Although the pathogenic potential of BOGV and other recently identified shrew-borne hantaviruses is still unknown, clinicians should be vigilant for unusual febrile diseases and clinical syndromes occurring among individuals reporting exposures to shrews.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Genotype
  • Hantavirus / classification*
  • Hantavirus / genetics
  • Hantavirus / isolation & purification*
  • Insectivora / virology*
  • Lung / virology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Poland
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology

Substances

  • RNA, Viral

Associated data

  • GENBANK/KC537794
  • GENBANK/KC537795
  • GENBANK/KC537796
  • GENBANK/KC537797
  • GENBANK/KC537798