An experimental survey of metal artefact reduction in computed tomography

J Xray Sci Technol. 2013;21(2):193-226. doi: 10.3233/XST-130372.


We present a survey of techniques for the reduction of streaking artefacts caused by metallic objects in X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) images. A comprehensive review of the existing state-of-the-art Metal Artefact Reduction (MAR) techniques, drawn predominantly from the medical CT literature, is supported by an experimental comparison of twelve MAR techniques. The experimentation is grounded in an evaluation based on a standard scientific comparison protocol for MAR methods, using a software generated medical phantom image as well as a clinical CT scan. The experimentation is extended by considering novel applications of CT imagery consisting of metal objects in non-tissue surroundings acquired from the aviation security screening domain. We address the shortage of thorough performance analyses in the existing MAR literature by conducting a qualitative as well as quantitative comparative evaluation of the selected techniques. We find that the difficulty in generating accurate priors to be the predominant factor limiting the effectiveness of the state-of-the-art medical MAR techniques when applied to non-medical CT imagery. This study thus extends previous works by: comparing several state-of-the-art MAR techniques; considering both medical and non-medical applications and performing a thorough performance analysis, considering both image quality as well as computational demands.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Artifacts*
  • Hip Prosthesis
  • Humans
  • Metals / chemistry*
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Security Measures
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*


  • Metals