The microbiology of malting and brewing

Microbiol Mol Biol Rev. 2013 Jun;77(2):157-72. doi: 10.1128/MMBR.00060-12.


Brewing beer involves microbial activity at every stage, from raw material production and malting to stability in the package. Most of these activities are desirable, as beer is the result of a traditional food fermentation, but others represent threats to the quality of the final product and must be controlled actively through careful management, the daily task of maltsters and brewers globally. This review collates current knowledge relevant to the biology of brewing yeast, fermentation management, and the microbial ecology of beer and brewing.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Beer / microbiology*
  • Fermentation
  • Genome, Fungal
  • Hordeum / microbiology
  • Phylogeny
  • Saccharomyces / classification
  • Saccharomyces / genetics
  • Saccharomyces / metabolism