Two factor IX mutations in the family of an isolated haemophilia B patient: direct carrier diagnosis by amplification mismatch detection (AMD)

Hum Genet. 1990 Jul;85(2):200-4. doi: 10.1007/BF00193196.


Rapid identification of gene defects allows definite carrier and prenatal diagnosis in virtually every family with haemophilia B. We report a study of the family of an isolated patient. Analysis of all the essential regions of the patient's factor IX gene (promoter, exons, transcript processing signals) revealed two mutations: one C----T transition at residue 17762 and another at residue 30890. The former created a translation stop at codon 116, and the latter caused substitution of His 257 by Tyr. The translation stop is an obvious detrimental mutation, while the His 257----Tyr substitution has uncertain functional consequences. From analysis of other family members, it was found that the first mutation had occurred at grandpaternal gametogenesis, in keeping with the negative family history, while the second was of more remote origin and did not reduce the maternal grandfather's factor IX coagulant and antigen level. This neutral mutation (His 257----Tyr) pinpoints a poorly conserved amino acid in factor IX and related serine proteases. Its coexistence with a detrimental mutation stresses the need to examine all essential regions of a gene before attempting to interpret the functional consequences of its sequence changes.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens / analysis
  • Antigens / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Child, Preschool
  • Codon
  • Exons
  • Factor IX / analysis
  • Factor IX / genetics*
  • Genetic Carrier Screening / methods*
  • Hemophilia B / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation*
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques*
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Antigens
  • Codon
  • Factor IX