Femtosecond laser-assisted lamellar keratoplasty (FSLK) for anterior corneal stromal diseases

Int Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb;34(1):49-58. doi: 10.1007/s10792-013-9794-7. Epub 2013 May 24.


Our objective was to study the outcome of femtosecond-assisted lamellar keratoplasty (FSLK) in stromal corneal diseases. This is a retrospective chart review of 17 patients (20 eyes) who underwent FSLK for anterior corneal pathologies. Main outcome measures were refractive results following FSLK, complications, and graft survival. Mean follow-up time was 42 ± 15 (7-58) months. Preoperative best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) was ≤20/40 in 17 eyes. Postoperative BSCVA ≥ 20/40 was achieved in 12/14 at 12 months, 11/12 at 24 months, and 10/12 eyes at 36 months; postoperative BSCVA ≥ 20/25 was achieved in 8/14, 8/12, and 5/12 eyes at 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively. One eye had vertical gas break through the epithelium during the FSLK. One eye had postoperative epithelial rejection and two eyes had stromal rejection treated successfully with topical steroids. Another eye had epithelial ingrowth that was not progressive; however, the same eye developed bacterial keratitis and scarred graft 32 months post-FSLK. One eye had graft dehiscence and one eye developed excessive interface fibrosis. Five out of 20 grafts failed due to the recurrence of the original disease (3), corneal scarring (1), and excessive interface fibrosis (1). FSLK provides many advantages over conventional PK and DALK, with faster visual rehabilitation and emmetropization of the manifest refraction rather than inducing ametropia and irregular astigmatism.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Corneal Diseases / physiopathology
  • Corneal Diseases / surgery*
  • Corneal Surgery, Laser / methods*
  • Corneal Transplantation / methods*
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Graft Rejection
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Excimer / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Visual Acuity / physiology