Karyotyping of Brachypodium pinnatum (2n = 18) chromosomes using cross-species BAC-FISH

Genome. 2013 Apr;56(4):239-43. doi: 10.1139/gen-2013-0012. Epub 2013 Apr 29.


Identification of individual chromosomes in a complement is usually a difficult task in the case of most plant species, especially for those with small, numerous, and morphologically uniform chromosomes. In this paper, we demonstrate that the landmarks produced by cross-species fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) of Brachypodium distachyon derived bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones can be used for discrimination of Brachypodium pinnatum (2n = 18) chromosomes. Selected sets of clones were hybridised in several sequential experiments performed on exactly the same chromosome spreads, using reprobing of cytological preparations. Analysis of the morphometric features of B. pinnatum chromosomes was performed to establish their total length, the position of centromeres, and the position of BAC-based landmarks in relation to the centromere, thereby enabling their effective karyotyping, which is a prerequisite for more complex study of the grass genome structure and evolution at the cytomolecular level.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brachypodium / genetics*
  • Centromere
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial
  • Chromosomes, Plant*
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping / methods