Analysis of glabrous canary seeds by ELISA, mass spectrometry, and Western blotting for the absence of cross-reactivity with major plant food allergens

J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Jun 26;61(25):6102-12. doi: 10.1021/jf305500t. Epub 2013 Jun 17.


Glabrous (hairless) canary seed belongs to the Poaceae (Gramineae) family and could serve as an alternative source of gluten-free cereal grain. In this study, allergenic cross-reactivities between hairless, dehulled canary seeds (Phalaris canariensis) and major allergenic proteins from gluten, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, sesame, and mustard were studied using commercial enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) kits specific for these target allergens. Mass spectrometry (MS) and immunoblotting were further used to assess for the presence of gluten-specific protein fragments. MS results revealed the likely presence of proteins homologous with rice, oat, corn, carrot, tomato, radish, beet, and chickpea. However, no presence of celiac-related gluten fragments from wheat, rye, barley, or their derivatives was found. Immunoblotting studies yielded negative results, further confirming the absence of gluten in the canary seed samples tested. No cross-reactivities were detected between canary seeds and almond, hazelnut, mustard, peanut, sesame, soy, walnut, and gluten using ELISA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, Plant / chemistry*
  • Antigens, Plant / immunology
  • Arachis / chemistry
  • Arachis / immunology
  • Blotting, Western
  • Corylus / chemistry
  • Corylus / immunology
  • Cross Reactions
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Glutens / chemistry*
  • Glutens / immunology
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Phalaris / chemistry*
  • Phalaris / immunology
  • Prunus / chemistry
  • Prunus / immunology
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Seeds / immunology
  • Sesamum / chemistry
  • Sesamum / immunology


  • Antigens, Plant
  • Glutens