Alcohol use as a determinant of HIV risk behaviors among recent Latino immigrants in south Florida

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Mar-Apr 2014;25(2):135-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2013.02.003. Epub 2013 May 22.

Abstract

Information on the association between alcohol use and Latino sexual risk behavior prior to immigrating to the United States is scarce. Given this population's rapid growth, documenting the influence of alcohol use on recent Latino immigrants' (RLI) sexual risk behaviors is essential. Data prior to immigration were retrospectively collected from 527 RLI ages 18-39 years. Quantity and frequency of alcohol use during the 90 days prior to immigration and pre-immigration sexual risk behaviors were measured. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships. Males, single participants, and participants with higher incomes reported more alcohol use. Higher alcohol use was associated with lower condom use frequency, having sex under the influence, and more sexual partners among all participants. Results point to the importance of creating interventions targeting adult RLI men, given their likelihood to engage in alcohol consumption, sex under the influence of alcohol, and sex with multiple partners without using condoms.

Keywords: Hispanic; Latinos; alcohol use; recent immigrants; sexual risk behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology*
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology*
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires