Contrast curves of five different intraoral X-ray sensors: a technical note

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2013 Jun;115(6):e55-61. doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2013.03.007.


Objectives: The aim of this article is to compare the contrast and resolution properties of five different sensors using a known technical target.

Methods: Stripe patterns with defined amounts of line pairs per mm (2.5-20 LP/mm) were recorded using five commercial digital sensors. Image data were analyzed using ImageJ and MatLab to calculate different contrast curves using logistic regression.

Results: The Dexis Platinum Sensor reached a calculated 10% contrast at 29.52 LP/mm. The Duerr VistaRay 6 Sensor reached a 10% contrast at 9.9 LP/mm. The 10% contrast was found at 18.8 LP/mm for the Duerr VistaRay 7. The Sirona Xios+ Sensor reached a calculated 10% contrast at 13.9 LP/mm. The Sirona Fullsize charge-coupled device (CCD) Sensor exhibited 10% contrast at 10.3 LP/mm.

Conclusions: The contrast transfer function assessment used in the study confirmed that the spatial frequency at 10% contrast was much lower than the theoretical resolution computed from the pixel size.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Logistic Models
  • Radiography, Dental, Digital / instrumentation*
  • Radiography, Dental, Digital / methods