Management of syndesmosis injuries in the elite athlete

Foot Ankle Clin. 2013 Jun;18(2):195-214. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2013.02.002.


This article reviews the basics and evidence base thus far on syndesmosis injuries, focusing on its management in the elite sporting population. A syndesmosis injury or "high ankle sprain" is a significant injury, especially in the elite athlete. Among all ankle sprains, the syndesmotic injury is most predictive of persistent symptoms in the athletic population. Late diagnosis of unstable syndesmosis injuries leads to a poor outcome and delayed return to sports. A high index of suspicion and an understanding of the mechanism of injury is required to ensure an early diagnosis. Incomplete/inaccurate reduction leads to a poor outcome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Ankle Injuries / surgery
  • Ankle Joint / surgery*
  • Athletes*
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / surgery
  • Humans
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries*
  • Ligaments, Articular / surgery